Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with Clause by Clause Analysis

Power Purchase Agreement with Clause by Clause Analysis






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There are many moving pieces affecting the future of electric power development in emerging market. Unlike the past Independent Power Project models, which featured standardised take-or-pay contracts – today’s market demands more innovative incentives to ensure better availability, better performance, as well as more attractive and sustainable mixtures of fuel sources. Economies throughout the region urgently need to master the key tools, models, and lessons learned for transforming and strengthening today’s electricity sector. These include the latest models in negotiating Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs), in designing and managing new competitive power markets, as well as attracting the right mix of renewable energy sources.

This 4-day comprehensive workshop gives you clear explanations of the new models of PPA risk allocation, of designing and managing competitive power markets, attracting private investments in renewable energy, through a series of real case examples of contracts and markets. Case Studies will include real examples from Asia, Middle East, Australia, Africa, Europe and North America. Furthermore, cases stimulate independent thinking and discussion among participants.

Course Highlights

  • Clause-by-clause analysis of several forms of PPA
  • Broad coverage of project types, including solar PV, wind generation, hydro, coal, gas
  • Integration of battery storage and impact on PPA structure
  • Case studies on a variety of project types
  • Capacity contracts and support mechanisms
  • PPAs for corporate purchasers
  • Explanation of the role of PPAs in context of development projects

Benefits of Attending

  • LEARN about all the essentials of different PPAs
  • NEGOTIATE fair and sustainable PPAs
  • STRUCTURE successful PPAs based upon your own company’s risk profile and risk allocation needs
  • EXPOSE to the frontiers of international experience in IPP development
  • LEARN theory and practice of pricing and tariff design
  • ANALYSE the relationship between Public, Private, and Government sector
  • PERFORM a policy and risk analysis of PPA contracts and their Force Majeure events
  • EXPLORE a PPA relationship with EPC, O&M, Fuel Supply, and Interconnect Agreement
  • GAIN the tools and models in directing your country’s electricity transformation and market design plans
  • IMPROVE your awareness of the common pitfalls and mistakes to avoid in today’s private power investments
  • LEAD successful power project finance transactions
  • IDENTIFY how financial derivatives can be used as an effective hedge of financial and electricity market based risks

Course Agenda


  • Overview of the International Power Sector
  • Concepts in Power Purchasing and Trading
  • Case Study: The thief and the stolen power
  • Market Structures
  • The Parties to Projects
  • Case Study: Diagrammatic representation of relationships
  • Fuel Types and Impact on Contract Type
  • Project Contract Matrix
  • Project Structures
  • Types of Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs)
  • Case Studies: International examples of commercial deals using PPAs, both short and long term


  • Clause by Clause Analysis of Power Purchase Agreements
  • Supply of Power, Power Transfer Capability
  • Operation Standards and Operating Limits
  • Communication with Off-taker, Grid and Fuel Supplier
  • Authorisations, Regulatory Compliance, Licence Fees
  • Scheduled Outages, Unscheduled Outages, Maintenance Co-ordination
  • Metering, Metering Installations, Metering data, Disputed Metering
  • Invoicing, Payment, Netting, Interest, Disputed Payments
  • Insurance Policies, Premiums
  • Dispute Resolution
  • Taxes
  • Case Study: Example clauses for many provisions, including price escalation, capacity, availability, greenhouse and carbon costs, development, milestones, conditions precedent.


  • Quantities and Delivery
  • Case Study: Market supply balance and pricing curves
  • Contract Price
  • Case Study: Example price escalation clauses
  • Managing Risk
  • Documenting Risk Management
  • Case Study: Example force majeure clause & Transformer explosion and fire
  • Damages and Loss
  • Project Structure and Timing


  • Project Finance
  • Case Study: Project financing structure and securities
  • Environmental Qualities and Off-take
  • Case Study: Solar PV farm PPA
  • When Things Go Wrong
  • Case Study: Alternative dispute resolution techniques
  • Variations for Plant Type
  • Case Study: Wind farm PPA terms
  • Integrating Renewables Into Grids
  • Case Study: The South Australian system blackout
  • Hedge and Derivative Markets
  • Case Study: Power purchase hedge transaction confirmation
  • Effective Contract Management
  • Group Exercise: IPP and PPA Negotiation

Training Methodology

Throughout the course the course director combines theoretical aspects with real life case studies, actual PPA contract samples, pricing and the specific risks and their mitigation methods. The four-day course at all times remains interactive with full participation from all the participants.

Pre-Course Questionnaire

We would like to customise the workshop based on your specific needs. Pre-Course Questionnaire will be sent prior to the workshop for analyse in advance and to be addressed during the course.

Course Certificate

Upon the successful completion of this course, you will receive a Certificate of Completion bearing the signatures from both the Course Director and the Course Organiser. This Certificate will testify your endeavour and serve towards your professional advancement.

What People Are Saying

❛❛ A great course! Organised very well and super informative. ❜❜
Building Energy
❛❛ This is a great course for professionals with limited prior exposure to Power Purchase Agreements. ❜❜
Horizon Power
❛❛ It is quite informative and an eye opener. ❜❜
Ministry of Finance & Development
❛❛ I found the training to be very resourceful and practical. Relevant to my daily work. ❜❜
Botswana Energy Regulatory Authority
❛❛ Excellent course to get understanding of technical side of PPA negotiations. ❜❜
Genesis Energy
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Who Will Attend

Energy professionals including but not limited to:

  • Contract / Agreement Specialists
  • Negotiators
  • Legal / Regulation / Policy Analysts
  • Business Development Managers
  • Commercial Managers
  • Finance Controllers / Treasurers
  • Corporate Planners
  • Business & Accounting Analysts
  • Sales & Trading Managers
  • Structured / Trade Finance Managers
  • Project Managers
  • Economists
  • Investors
  • Chairman / CEO / Directors

From sectors:

  • Electric Regulators & Ministries
  • Power & Utility Companies
  • IPP Developers & Renewables
  • Banks / Investors
  • Energy Supply Companies (Oil, Gas, Coal and Renewables)
  • Law Firms & Consultancy

Endorsers & Media Partners

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